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By Willy van Knippenberg, 4 july 2024

The Legality of Psilocybin Mushrooms in Europe: An Overview

Psilocybin mushrooms, often known as "magic mushrooms," have a long history of use for spiritual and therapeutic purposes. In this blog, we explore the varying legality of these mushrooms within the European Union and discuss their cultural impact and future prospects.

The Legality of Psilocybin Mushrooms in the EU

AustriaLegalLegal (if not intended for drug use)
BelgiumIllegalIllegal, but uncontrolled
CroatiaIllegal (decriminalized)Illegal (uncontrolled)
CyprusIllegal (decriminalized)Illegal (decriminalized)
Czech RepublicIllegal (decriminalized)Illegal (decriminalized)
FranceIllegalIllegal, but spores are legal
GermanyIllegalIllegal, but spores are legal
GreeceIllegal (unless treated as psilocin)Illegal
IrelandIllegalIllegal (uncontrolled)
ItalyIllegal (decriminalized)Illegal (decriminalized)
NetherlandsLegal as trufflesLegal as truffles (active cultures of mycelium and spores legal)
PolandIllegal (if containing psilocybin/psilocin)Illegal (if containing psilocybin/psilocin, but spores and grow kits are legal)
PortugalIllegal (decriminalized)Illegal (decriminalized)
SlovakiaIllegal (ambiguous)Illegal (ambiguous)
SloveniaIllegal (could be treated as psilocin)Illegal (could be treated as psilocin)
SpainIllegal (decriminalized for personal use in a private space)Illegal (decriminalized for personal use in a private space)
SwedenIllegalIllegal (spores and grow kits are legal)

Cultural Impact and User Experiences

The cultural impact of psilocybin mushrooms varies greatly across Europe. In the Netherlands, for example, they are an integral part of the recreational scene, especially among tourists. The legal status of truffles allows people to experience these mushrooms legally.

In countries like Portugal and Spain, where drug policy focuses on decriminalization and public health, recognition of the therapeutic potential of psilocybin is growing. Research suggests that psilocybin can help treat depression, anxiety, and other mental health issues, leading to an increase in regulated therapeutic applications.

The Future of Psilocybin Mushrooms in Europe

The future of psilocybin mushrooms in Europe looks promising. With ongoing scientific studies and increasing societal acceptance, it is likely that more countries will relax their laws to explore the therapeutic applications of psilocybin. This could lead to broader legalization and regulated medical uses, positively impacting mental health care in Europe.

Novus Fumus: Magic Truffles and Growkits

At Novus Fumus, we offer a wide range of products, including Magic Truffles and Growkits with mycelium, which we ship to any country within the EU. However, it is the customer's responsibility to check whether these products are legal in their country of destination. We encourage customers to be well-informed about local laws to avoid any legal issues.


Psilocybin mushrooms have a complex legal status within the European Union, ranging from full legalization in the Netherlands to strict bans in countries like Belgium and Germany. The growing interest in their therapeutic potential and ongoing scientific studies, however, may lead to broader acceptance and legalization in the future. This could allow psilocybin mushrooms to remain a recreational option and become a valuable tool in mental health care.

At Novus Fumus, we support the safe and informed consumption of Magic Truffles and Growkits and provide our customers with high-quality products while encouraging them to be aware of their local laws and regulations.

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